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The case group consisted of 40 students aged years who had been clinically determined to be affected by ARI.
The relationship between home sanitation and health conditions is well-known. Home environmental risk factors that influence the incidence of ARI include residential density, ventilation, temperature, and humidity. The results of this research is expected to give inputs for national and local governments in making policies related to housing.
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ARI poses a greater risk when people live in inappropriate bedroom densities [ 37 ]. Cox-Ganser Mold exposure and respiratory health in damp indoor environmentsFrontiers in Bioscience – Elites2. ARI has always been ranked as the most common kkepmenkes in Indonesia. Ventilation, temperature, and humidity are significantly associated tahub the incidence of ARI and are also closely related to air circulation in the house.
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After screening for statistical significance, in which variables were removed one by one to determine their significance, six variables were found that have a significant relationship with the occurrence of ARI: There are several factors that may cause respiratory disease.
The multivariate analysis in this research used logistic regression to relate several independent variables together with the dependent variable. Public health perspectiveIndian Journal of Medical Researchs2. House temperature is significantly associated with the incidence of ARI. The risk of ARI transmission during sleep athun also higher with closer contact between the occupants. More people in a room leads to higher concentrations of microorganisms because each person is carrying microorganisms, which come from the nose, throat, mouth, and skin.
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; The study used case control design with an Airlangga University student population at Campus C in Mulyorejo.
The most impactful factor for ARI is room ventilation. Inappropriate room humidity may make a room seem wet and facilitate the transmission of the disease. Perumahan Rakyat untuk Kesejahteraan dan Pemerataan, 1. Environmental factors of housing affect the incidence of ARI. It used a case-control study design.
High moisture kepnenkes facilitates the occurrence of air pollution inside the home [ 6 ].
Computer, Mathematics and Engineering Applications. In there werecases of ARI in children under five The case group consisted of students with a history of ARI as determined by clinical test, while the control group consisted of students with no ARI as determined by clinical test.
19999 ventilation is dangerous to health and may stimulate indoor air contamination by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and various chemicals [ 67 ]. Data was collected using a questionnaire.
The population with the highest occurrence of ARI The control group consisted of 80 students without ARI, as determined by clinical test. Variables examined included the home environment including the construction of the house, i.
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As a result, the risk of disease spreading in the room will be higher. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited. Kesehatan Perumahan dan Lingkungan Permukiman. Keputusan menteri kesehatan no. At that age, their immune systems are already complete. Douwes Respiratory and allergic health effects of dampness, mold, and dampness-related agents: Data collection was performed using structured interviews.
Infants and children are often sensitive to air pollution inside the home, but it can also occur in people of childbearing age, such as college students between the ages of 17 to 22 years. Data collecting uses questionnaires and interviews associated with those as required and the results obtained are general descriptions of the actual conditions about how government regulations regarding to eligibility for health residences are applied, and the factors that influence the level of its application in development.
In communities with poor sanitation homes, the prevalence of infectious diseases including ARI will be high. Students living in unhealthy housing environments experience the health impacts of indoor air pollution. Abstract Good housing must be free from pollution and equipped with facilities such as roads, sewer, trash, clean water sources, street lights, playground, schools, worship places, meeting halls, and health center. Yudhastuti Housing sanitation and acute respiratory tract infection among undergraduate students in Indonesia.
Respondents’ smoking habits increase the risk of ARI by 42 times compared to the risk of non-smokers.
Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. The method uses a survey by taking samples from 30 healthy houses in Bojong Indah Residence, Cengkareng, West Jakarta.
It is usually infectious, which can cause a spectrum of illnesses ranging from asymptomatic disease or mild infection to severe illness and death, depending on the pathogen, environmental factors, and host factors. The use of anti-mosquito spray in the room may create or add more indoor pollutants.
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 2 1 ,