Thousands of Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) supporters converged on Durban’s King Zwelithini Stadium at the launch of the party’s election. President Zuma was the worst leader since , but the IFP could still save the a rapturous welcome at the launch of the IFP’s election manifesto. An injured Mangosuthu Buthelezi received a rapturous welcome at the launch of the IFP’s election manifesto.

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An obvious implication of the fall of the IFP is a shift in the nature of politics in KwaZulu-Natal from a two-party system to a more multi-party context, but one in which the ANC is now dominant.

Buthelezi had ruptured his quadriceps tendon, the connective tissue that binds the muscles of the thigh jfp the kneecap, said Van der Merwe. Remember me on this computer. From an impressive 2, votes inthe IFP has shrunk to less than ,; and from leading KwaZulu-Natal for ten years it is no longer even the official opposition.

In either scenario this was down from the 4.

IFP election manifesto focuses on eradication of corruption | News | National | M&G

As pointed out by many observers, a key strength of the ANC has been an enviable combination of internal debate and loyalty to the party that has helped it reinvent itself in the face of periodic crises.

Cambridge University,p. He said it was the KwaZulu-Natal government, then led by an IFP government, that challenged the national government over the roll out of an anti-retroviral programme to combat the spread of HIV. The IFP has steadily lost electoral support since its zenith inwhen it came third nationally with According to workers assembling the artwork, a man driving a black SUV told them that the elephants were a symbol of the IFP and therefore not welcome in a city run by the ANC.

In terms of message, the IFP emphasised the same issues as many parties namely issues: Taken together with public complaining about a lack of resources, these reflect the decline of the IFP to the point that it is no longer the main competitor for the ANC in KwaZulu-Natal. However, critical to understanding why the IFP lost this struggle are the subjective failings of a party unable to change with the times and, importantly, attract new and younger voters.

More significant than the loss of 2. In making this case, this chapter will begin by outlining the history of the Inkatha Freedom Party, examine the election campaigning and surrounding politics, unpack the elections results and analysis, and explore the implications for the party and its future.


In moving from implication to lessons, the first one is, as with other homeland parties, the limit to social bases formed under homeland rule as an enduring form of popular mobilisation. We will cast our vote, and offer our wisdom. When Buthelezi arrived at the stadium, he had to be helped up the stairs to the stage and when he delivered his speech he sat on a chair that was provided for him.

Four political parties have not yet fully complied with pre-election rules and may be excluded from the poll, the Electoral Commission of SA said. Two points are relevant here.

Ironically, an urban-rural electoral divide is emerging in South Africa, one election after it has disappeared in KwaZulu-Natal. Private sector has not created jobs: Top Camps Bay businessmen hired security firm.

In it secured just 2. This included a full scale land audit.

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Campaigning and complaining To a significant extent the campaign followed the same fundamental pattern as preceding ones in terms of the substance of the message, and the design of the campaign, but with two significant sets of differences. Consequently, in KwaZulu-Natal in the Majifesto was able to cash in, substantially aided by the rise of local hero Jacob Zuma as national presidential candidate.

Maniffesto, the rise of the ANC in KwaZulu-Natal, especially in areas up north historically the stronghold of the IFP, reflects the greater openness of new voters to political choice — a reality also evident in the rise of the DA in Gauteng in election This spatial pattern reflects the historical heartlands of both parties — the ANC in urban areas of the south, msnifesto the IFP in the heartland of the Zulu kingdom, and more pertinently the KwaZulu Bantustan of the s.

A parent is seething after a teacher manifssto told her child he reminded her of the president, who cannot count properly. This resistance also took an increasingly Zulu nationalist form, with the Zulu King, who later admitted to being under direction from Buthelezi, calling for manifezto as the first democratic elections approached.

In short, there is excellent reason to assume that KwaZulu-Natal will become more of a dominant party system as the same time as the rest of the country, especially the urban, is becoming more of a two-party maanifesto. More reflection on election will follow in the discussion on provincial trends below. The story of the decline of the IFP is not just one captured in electoral time, but spatially too. Lastly, the decline of the IFP is an event that impacts ifo national politics — albeit ironically by bolstering Jacob Zuma.


These are decisive shifts in the pattern of party politics in the province since Helen Zille has stirred her way into a social media storm after posting “controversial” photos during her campaigning. While donning the colours of the ANC and including many former ANC leaders amongst its ranks, Inkatha also embraced aspects of Zulu culture and tradition.

As demonstrated in these elections, patronage flows through provincial and local government in ways that undermine, rather than reinforce, apartheid era relations.

Log In Sign Up. It is for your sake that we have laboured. While he gave few details of how this court would work, much of his speech dealt with the eradication of corruption. The Elections, Johannesburg: Click here to sign up. Further, the decline of the IFP is also evidence of the possibilities and limitations of ethnicity as a basis of political mobilisation. If the IFP is symbolised by the elephant, then the elephant is well on its way to the graveyard.

Employees call cops on black hotel guest talking on his cellphone. The challenge for party leaders is to strike the right balance between democratic space and party discipline — a delicate balancing act irresolvable outside of specific cases. Shortly thereafter the municipality instructed Botha to stop work on the elephants, and they were taken down. Indeed, Buthelezi is more talented, ambitious and charismatic than most of his era. By the start of negotiations in the conflict had already claimed hundreds of lives, and during the negotiations years it intensified into the tens of thousands.

At the same time, the rights of farmworkers needed to be protected.

KwaZulu-Natal, and has remained constant over the five national elections, declining at the same rate as the IFP in the province. Within this largely consistent trend, there are some nuances.

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