Title, Fortalitium fidei. Biblioteca Digital Dioscórides · Incunables (Biblioteca Histórica UCM). Author, Alfonso de la Espina. Publisher, Antonius Koberger, “Fortalitium fidei” is often credited as a precursor to Western demonology and witchcraft lore, but that isn’t the scariest part of this work. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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De Espina, who some scholars believe to be a Christian convert, called for the expulsion of all Jews and Muslims from Spain. About this page APA citation. Farber University Archives and Special Collections.

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Suggest a Story Email: Thought by many to be a convert from JudaismAlphonso de Spina was for many years superior of the House of Studies of the Friars Minor at Salamancaand in was created Bishop of Thermopylae in Greece. Humanities and Social SciencesResearch. My email address is webmaster at newadvent. De Espina writes about assemblies of women in southern France who were burnt — the earliest printed reference to the burning fortalitikm accused witches. In this last book de Spina dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demonsand so on.

Communications Brandeis Home Brandeis. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Retrieved from ” https: The “Fortalitium Fidei” deals with the different kinds of armour to be used by preachers and others in their warfare against the enemies of the Christian religion. The Archives house hundreds of volumes and precious artifacts, including the death masks of the Italian American anarchists Ferdinando Sacco and Fortalitoum Vanzetti.

Welcome to the Robert D. As appears from the text, this work was written inbut it was added to by the author at different times up to the year The fact that the Fortalitium appeared anonymously gave rise to some difference of opinion as to its authorship.


Fortalitium fidei, contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et alios Christianae fidei inimicos – Brill Reference

Ashley says that Alphonso de Spina is quoted as stating that the total number of angels who sided with Lucifer’s revolt was ,, a figure, Ashley remarks, so precise that one hardly knows what to say; he adds that the Book of Enoch puts the number at As a member of the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific body in the world, Glanvil was a strong supporter of both empirical research and the supernatural. In Fortalitimu Catholic Encyclopedia.

Robert Appleton Company, Joseph Glanvil was an English clergyman and philosopher.

Recent scholarship suggests that Alphonso was not a converted Jew or converso. The reason why the work is included in the “Scriptores O.

For Glanvil, and many others at the time, belief in the supernatural was an argument against atheism. It is divided into five [2] books: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Alphonso de Spina unknown date of birth — in or about was a Spanish Franciscan Catholic Bishoppreacher and writer. Spanish Franciscandate of birth unknown; died about Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. His empirical approach to the supernatural influenced other thinkers of the time, including Cotton Mather, whose writings on witchcraft fueled some of the hysteria leading to the Salem Witch Trials.

The first edition was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Fortalitium was written inbut it was added to by de Spina at different times up to the year The first edition was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus:.


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It is divided into five books, the first directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christthe second against hereticsthe third against the Jewsand the fourth against the Mohammedanswhile the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell. Monday, December 31, De Espina classifies demons into 10 categories including goblins, incubi and succubi, and demons that specifically target old women.

In this last book the author dwells at length upon the demons and their hatred of men; the powers they have over men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demonsetc. Although long interested in the supernatural, Scott was profoundly skeptical of it, and these letters express sympathy and outrage for the men and women of the previous century accused of witchcraft and executed.

This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J. Views Read Edit View history.

Regrettably, I can’t reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. He was a fidek of great learning and attained considerable renown as a preacher, but his chief title to fiei is the work entitled “Fortalitium Fidei” which Mariana lib.

Less than a decade later, the Inquisition was established, during which scholars estimate hundreds of thousands of people were killed. Glanvil personally investigated a popular poltergeist, known as the Drummer of Tedworth, and collected other stories of witchcraft from around the country.

By Leah Burrows Oct. This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat

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