*FM Headquarters. Department of the Anny. Washington. DC. 28 September INTELLIGENCE INTERROGATION. Table of Contents. Page. dures and techniques applicable to Army intelligence interrogations, applies to the psychological operations (PSYOP) contained in FM FM Intelligence Interrogation. Chapter 3. Interrogation Process. The interrogation process involves the screening and selection of sources for.
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The interrogator intelliigence always be in control, he must act quickly and firmly. When examining documents, screeners should look for items that will indicate whether the source is cooperative or willing to cooperate based on any specific personal interest.
However, the principles of objective, initiative, accuracy, prohibitions against the use of force, and security apply to all types.
For example, during an interrogation, he learns of an unknown, highly destructive weapon. Hot and Cold Leads Leads are signs which 3-452 an interrogator that the source has additional pertinent information that can be obtained through further questioning. The interrogator must consider the probable response of the source to a particular question or line of questioning and should not, if at all possible, ask direct questions likely to evoke a refusal to answer or to antagonize the source.
However, map reading and enemy material and equipment are keys to the performance of interrogator duties. There are two methods: Consequently, from both legal and moral viewpoints, innterrogation restrictions established by international law, agreements, and customs render threats of force, violence, and deprivation useless as interrogation techniques.
Point out inconsistencies to the source. Examine Documents Screeners should examine the documents captured with the source and any documents pertaining to the source. He may be able to fill in gaps and unclear areas in the interrogator’s notes.
Control questions are based on information which has been recently confirmed and which is not likely to have changed. Although this information may not be in line with his specific objective, he develops this lead to obtain all possible information concerning this weapon.
He should organize his materials to avoid having to flip back and forth between references. Asks for a narrative response cannot be answered by just yes or intellligence.
For example, CI is interested in sources that the following conditions apply: Specialized Training The interrogator requires specialized training in international regulations, security, and neurolinguistics. Obtain the distance the source would travel in this direction. He must also remember that the tactical situation is very fluid and that the commander needs information in the shortest period of time. Throughout the briefing, the interrogator must answer all questions that the interpreter may have as fully and clearly as possible.
Properly uses repeated, controlled, prepared, and nonpertinent questions to control interrogation and assess source. Basic Concepts of Approaches The manipulative techniques within each approach are different, but there are some factors common to all approaches which affect the success or failure of the approach itself.
FM Intelligence Interrogation – Chapter 1
For that reason, he should terminate the interrogation without any loss of rapport whenever possible. An interrogator should note cold leads as they are obtained and exploit them fully during his questioning on the topics to which the cold leads apply. This authorization was based on a series of controversial legal memos authored by the Office of Legal Counsel that sought to define torture far more narrowly than before.
How the source interrogatioj been handled since his capture. If the interrogator obtains a disposition which is not located on the established route, he must establish the route the source would have taken to that disposition. An interrogator may lose control during the interrogation by allowing the source to take control of the interrogation.
The source’s mental and physical state.
In any case, you must establish a route using the procedures, in the sequence shown, in the following illustration. Enter Your Email Address. In this case, the interrogator must continue with his approach or switch to an alternate approach or questioning technique and continue to work until he again feels that the source is near breaking. Hearsay information nitelligence others who have handled the source. They are used as intellogence initial means of reporting only when electronic reporting is impossible.
There are two types of leads that concern interrogators? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. If any of the criteria listed above cannot be met, the interrogator must use the alternate method.
Interpreter Briefing Once the interrogator has chosen a method of interpretation, he must brief his interpreter.
Apparent interest can be interrogatino by asking about his family, civilian life, friends, likes, dislikes, and so forth.
Others may have to be constantly maintained or reinforced throughout the interrogation. Topics, in sequence, that will be covered.
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He should keep abreast of major events as they occur in the target country. If they do not, the subsequent interrogations will not help the element to satisfy its assigned collection mission, and information needed by the supported unit will be missed. If this occurs, he must postpone the interrogation and reassess the situation. He should try to imagine himself in the source’s position. Obtain a description of the prominent terrain features the source would remember while traveling in this direction.
Uses a proper, logical sequence of top ics or questions. Establish and Develop Rapport. The exploitation of the source’s emotion can be either harsh or gentle in application hand and body movements, actual physical contact such as a hand on the shoulder for reassurance, or even silence are all useful techniques that the interrogator may have to bring into play. He may also assist in transliterating, translating, and explaining foreign terms.
However, more time is required for report writing because the entire tape must be replayed to transfer information to the report. He normally takes the position of answering questions asked directly, but seldom volunteers information. Leading questions may prompt the source to answer with the response he believes the interrogator wishes to hear.
Each interrogator, where feasible, begins his preparation by examining the situation map SITMAPthe OB data base, and pertinent information contained in the interrogation element’s files.
Showing kindness and understanding toward the source’s predicament.