This standard is issued under the fixed designation C ; the number immediately 1 This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on. All the Controls products ASTM C standard. Enter now!. Originally approved in Last previous edition approved in as C – 05a. 2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website,

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Great article that gives a simplified overview of ASR, expansion testing, and mitigation techniques.

Publication Version Published Version. However, we must take the time to review the current ASTM standards and check our mix designs to assure material confidence. Alkali metals, for example, which are found in the far left column of the periodic table, have a single electron in their outermost band.

Mitigation methods can be split into those methods suitable for new concrete and those asm can be used for existing structures. Lithium compounds have also been used, but they may be asm and limited in availability.

If you can read like a chemist, it looks like this: For ASR to occur, four things must be present: More than a century ago, it was noticed that concrete could deteriorate from seawater and freezing weather cycles. Petrography may be used to classify an aggregate as potentially reactive, but expansion testing is required to determine the extent of the reactivity and appropriate levels of prevention.

ASTM C, Test equipment Controls

Map cracking, also known as three-point cracking, can cause other issues as well, such as shrinkage. Development of a more economical and more abundant admixture may be the future for ASR mitigation. It is important to understand the benefits and deficiencies offered by various testing procedures. Then simply check on them periodically and record your results. Overall, ASR is characterized primarily by four main features: Cement mill certificates contain information that can prove useful for tracking changes in your concrete and controlling variability in your mix design.


Search Enter search terms: Atoms are comfortable with themselves when they are fully loaded on that outer band. Cracking usually appears in areas with a frequent supply of moisture.

If you compare this with the composition of your aggregates, you should give yourself a pat on the back. Eventually, the tensile stresses caused by the increase in volume exceed the tensile strength of the concrete, causing cracks. That, honestly, is about as simple as I can explain this reaction. This test is similar to C with a testing period of 14 days.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Consequently, the two tests are often run together.

Petrographic examination can conclusively identify ASR. The alkali content of cement is not a significant factor in affecting the expansion. In addition to discovering ASR, he was the first to explain that expansion was negligible when the alkali content of the cement was below 0.

ASTM C1260

Determined x1260 understand more, I have spent the past several weeks diving into the mysteries of ASR using recent reports from the Federal Highway Administration and various other scholarly professionals in an effort to fill in the blanks.

For precasters in identified ASR areas, the following methods for new concrete may be the most critical: This makes them highly reactive. This new ASTM standard ast, related AASHTO provisional standard provides detailed protocols and guidelines using previous ASR testing data, petrography and historical performance to provide a prescriptive decision-making process for mitigation. This document is currently not available here.

By Frank Bowen A s I scrolled through the few articles and reports I have collected over the past decade regarding alkali-silica reactions, I began to realize I had developed an ignorance to this elusive subject.


The effects of clinker alkali content, aggregate reactivity, and sodium hydroxide NaOH solution concentration on the mortar expansion test results were also studied. When dealing with ASR, a process that takes place over decades, accelerated tests should be conducted with bias. This is all critical to ASR to show where the reactivity is taking place. Skip to main content. Ask your aggregate provider first for test results before contacting a laboratory.

Ions are electrically charged particles formed when atoms lose or gain electrons. When siliceous aggregate is attacked by an alkali solution, it is converted to a viscous alkali silicate gel.

When lithium, sodium or potassium lose their single outermost electron, they become positively charged. This method is one of the best ways to see ASR happen if you intentionally use aggregates with a high silica content like glass in concrete.

The same goes for calcium, but since it is in the second column of the periodic table, it must lose two electrons for this to happen.

C is used to test the reactivity potential of aggregates, while C includes the use of secondary cementitious materials within the mortar bar samples to determine the effective reduction of ASR. This is a result of a number of sequential reactions.

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A s I scrolled through the few articles and reports I have collected over the past decade regarding alkali-silica reactions, I began to realize I had developed an ignorance to this elusive subject.

As stated earlier, many precasters will not have issues with ASR.

You have just begun the journey into understanding your own materials as they relate to ASR.

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