Results 1 – 16 of OLD NCERT BOOKS – 1) Ancient India- R.S. SHARMA India’s Ancient Past Edition . by Prof. R. S. Sharma and Vasanti Fadake. Ancient India R S Sharma Pdf Download Old NCERT NCERT, Book, History,. WhatsApp. Print Friendly Version of this page Print Get a PDF. The NCERT had entrusted the lesponsibility of preparing courses and . CHAPTER 1 The Importance of Ancient Indian History The study of ancient Indian .
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How did the neolithic culture differ from the palaeolithic culture? The Harappan villages, mostly situated near the flood plains, produced sufficient foodgrains not only to feed themselves but also the town people. The Bharata ruling clan was opposed by a host prof.r.ssharma ten kings, five of whom were heads of, Aryan tribes and the remaining five of non-Aryan peoples.
The first came in the beginning of the fifth century A. In this period climate became less humid. But the position seems to have been diiferent with the Harappans at Lothal. They did not use separate cemeteries for this purpose, as was the case with the Harappans. State and Varna Society in the Age of the Buddha. Palaeolithic sites jcert also been discovered in Kashmir The chips of stone were pebbles used for hunting, cutting and other purposes In this period man barely managed to ineia lus food and Jivod on hunting.
This shows that the people who used the copper hoards led a settled life, and were one of the earliest primitive agriculturists and artisans to settle in a good portion of the doab.
The Sulaiman ranges aie joined southward in Baluchistan by the Kirthar ranges which could be crossed through the Boffin pass, Through these passes two-way traffic hcert India and Central Asia has been going on fiom prehistoric times.
A woman dancer made of bronze is the best speamen. Some of the States ancidnt larger than many European countries. How old is man in India? This accounts for the use of the white metal in the earliest punch-marked coins found in Bihar.
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They produced two types of wheat and barley. Jain, Shrimati Vijaya Nath, Dr.
A good quantity of barley has been discovered at Banwali. Palaeolithic tools, which could be as old as Medieval India Macmillan Satish Chandra 3. Several pre-Harap- pan settlements have been found in Baluchis- tan and in Kalibangan in Rajasthan, but the, connection between them and the mature Harappan culture is not clear, though the Harappan culture may have evolved out of these indigenous settlements.
Numerous copper tools of the prc B C.
Some try to connect it with the Dravidian or the proto-Dravidian language, others with the Sanskrit language, and still others with the Sumerian language, but none of these readings is satisfactory. It indicates how they started agriculture which made life secure and settled.
Such a culture is called chalcolitlnc. In India they were written on birch bark and palm leaves, but in Central Asia, where the Prakrit language had spread from India, manuscripts were also written on sheep leather and wooden tablets. Harappan pots were generally decorated with ; the designs of trees and circles. The last type of pottery was most popular with them, and has been found almost all over, western Uttar’ Pradesh.
Its winter compelled some of its people to go to the plains and Us summer attracted the shepheids of the plains. We have no indication of its exploitation till the beginning of the second century A.
For a long time the Tungabhadra provided a natural f: They usually settled on the tops of granite lulls or on 4.
In ancient limes u was difficult to make roads, and so men and material were moved by boat. Statements about events are made m future tense, although they were written much after prof.r.s.sharmma events had happened.
And still others point out that the Peof.r.s.sharma culture was destroyed by the Aryans. They first came into contact with the people living on the Sindhu or the Indus, and so they named the whole country after this river. Most probably they carried on all exchanges through barter In return for finished goods and possi- bly foodgrains, they procured metals from the neighbouring areas by boats and bullock-carts.
Since such a literary assembly was called sangam, the whole literature is known as the Sangam literature The compilation of the corpus is attributed to the first fouL Chustian centuries, although final compilations may have been com- pleted by the sixth centuiy.
They represent birds, dogs, sheep, cattle and monkeys.
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Interestingly the tradition of 16 has continued in India till modern times and till recently 16 annas made one rupee. The urban people of ncdrt Indus I region also needed pro.fr.s.sharma used weights and mea- ; sures for trade and other transactions.
Thus in the eastern part of the Indian peninsula the area known as Kalinga, coveting the coastal belt of Orissa, was situated between the Mahanadi on the north and the Godavari on the. Amulets have been found in large num- bers.
Although the coastline is flanked by the Eastern Ghats or the steps, the Ghats are not very high and have several openings caused by theeastwaid flow of the rivers into the Bay of Bengal Thus communication between the east- ern coast on the one hand and the other parts of Andhra and Tamil Nadu on the othei was not difficult ncfrt ancient times.
Ancient Indian currency was not issued in the form of paper, as is the practice these days, but as coins prof.r.s.shagma paper came to be used in India much later, in the fourteenth century.
The Harappans possibly procured some tin from Rajasthan, but their main supply came from Afghanistan, and even this was limi- ted. The phallus worship which started in the days of Harappa t l s ,4 1 ft Y, 6.
In the dry climate of western Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and north- western India antiquities are found in a better state of preservation, but in the moist and humid climate of the middle Gangetic basin and in the deltaic regions even iron implements suffer ncertt and mud structures become difficult to detect. Towards the end of the later Vedic period, around B.